Jabiru in Palo Verde National Park

Palo Verde National Park - Special for birdwatchers, in the wetlands of Palo Verde National Park you can observe a huge variety of bird species.


The Palo Verde National Park is located in the Conservation Area of Tilaran and has an extension of 18418 HA.

Birds in Palo Verde National Park Costa Rica

Since 1991, it has been a Ramsar Site of international importance, which has allowed the intervention of the wetlands and the opening of more than 500 hectares of lagoon, the count of the concentration of birds was 20,000 individuals.

Endangered species such as the Jabirú or Galán without Ventura (jabiru mycteria) are the largest aquatic bird of the continent, many trees such as the real Guayacán, cocobolo, Ron Ron.

Palo Verde National Park. Costa Rica. Vacation in Costa rica

It is one of the last three remnants of dry tropical forest in Mesoamerica.

It has under protection the island of birds where the concentration of more quantities of species of aquatic birds of Central America occurs.



The vegetation of the Palo Verde National Park is constituted by 2 life zones, this allows it to have more than 12 different plant communities where more than 750 plant species have been identified, among which stand out: Palo Verde (Parkinsonia acuelcta) this species It gives the name to the park is a shrub of leaves and branches that keeps its light green color all year round, Pochote (Bombacopsis quinatum) Bitter cedar (Cedrela mexicana) Guaiacum real (Guaiacum sanctum) Cocobolo (Dalvergia retusa) Laurel (Cordia aleodora) Tempisque (Maschitodendro capiri) White Guanacaste (Albizzia caribea) Cenizaro (Pethecellobium saman) Guanacaste (Enterolobium cyclocarpum) also of the 6 mangrove species found in Costa Rica 5 are in Palo Verde.
The avifauna is the most representative in Palo Verde is constituted by more than 280 species of birds between migrants and residents, some in danger of extinction or with very small populations such as the Red Macaw (Ara macao) Pavón (crax rubra) Toledos (Criroxiphia liniaris ) Gallant without luck (Jabirú micteria) Hawks (Polyboris plancus) Ducks (Anassp) Herons (Casmerodius albus).
Also the mastofauna is present with more than 150 species among them are:
The deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Saino (Tayassu tajacu) Manigordo (Felis pardalis) Coyotes (Canis latrans) Pumas (Felis leopardus) Tolomucos (Eira Barbara) Guatusas (Dasyprocta punctata) Tepescuintles (Agouti paca).
The herpetofauna is very varied are many species of raneras snakes, as well as crocodiles, iguanas, and other species of snakes example: Bequer (boa constrictor) Rattlesnake (crotalus durissus) Coral (Micrurus nigrucintus).
In amphibians we find huge populations of toads and frogs. This is because wetlands are also found here several species of tree frogs.




Among the outstanding arboreal species are palo verde, espavel, pochote, ron ron and guayacán real.
In addition, it has the highest concentration of waterfowl and wading birds, both native and migratirias, among which are, piche, blue-winged teal, royal paw, black-crowned martinete and the no-risk beau, an endangered species. It is said that this area is one of the best for bird watching in Central America.


Average temperature 28º C; average annual rainfall 230 mm.


#Walking trails

• La Roca takes you through a 540m route to a viewpoint from where you can see much of the Palo Verde Lagoon, the majestic Tempisque River and the Gulf of Nicoya.

Length: 540 meters

• The Guayacán or Cerros Calizos is a challenge for the most adventurous. A steep trail will take you to the Guayacán and El Cactus viewpoints where you can see the Palo Verde Lagoon and the Tempisque plains.

Length: 1460 mts

• The Mapache is a 710m road through the forest where you will find three different habitats: deciduous lowland forest, limestone forest and evergreen forest.

Length: 650 meters

• La Venada is a path that skirts Laguna Palo Verde in some sections.

Length: 2100 mts

• El Querque will offer you the opportunity to admire huge trees and as you ascend you can enjoy the xerophilous vegetation.

    Length: 650 meters
    • The Island of Birds.
    • The Palo Verde, Bocana and Varillal lagoons.
    • The Tempisque and Bebedero rivers.


1- Main route:

    • San José-Bagaces: Take the Interamerican highway North, you reach the canton of Bagaces; from the Bagaces service center, take the ballast road on the left without turning 20 kilometers to the southwest.

2- Another route:

    • San José-La Amistad Bridge of Taiwan on the Tempisque River: Take the Interamerican Highway north until the detour that leads to the bridge of La Amistad, passing through the villages of Quebrada Honda, Caballito, Corralillo, Pozo de Agua you reach the town from Puerto Humo de Nicoya where it is necessary to take a boat to Puerto Chamorro. This route can also be done through Nicoya until reaching Puerto Humo.
    • For visitors coming from the Pacific coast in Guanacaste, they should arrive to Liberia, then continue on the Inter-American Highway to the Bagaces canton, from the Bagaces Servicentro, taking the ballast road on the right, 20 kilometers southwest.